Testing Services

Heat and flame protection

Employees in hazardous occupations such as structural and wildland firefighters, emergency responders, military personnel, welders, workers from oil and gas industries, and those who work in an environment with potential flame and/or other heat sources, may be required to wear clothing constructed from protective materials. The garments worn should provide adequate protection to reduce the burn injury resulting from flame and intense heat. The level of protection provided can be evaluated through laboratory testing.

PCERF is equipped to evaluate textiles, clothing components and clothing systems for their thermal protection properties when exposed to convective, conductive, radiant, the combination of these thermal hazards and full scale fire exposures.

Fabric level analysis includes the Thermal Protective Performance (TPP), Heat Transfer Performance (HTP), Radiant Protective Performance (RPP), hot surface contact, Flame Resistance (FR), and Limited Oxygen Index (LOI) tests.

Our enhanced flash fire/instrumented mannequin facility provides testing services to clients for the performance evaluation of thermally protective clothing, items, equipment and ensembles under standard and non-standard conditions.

Testing capabilities include:

ISO 13506 - Protective clothing against heat and flame - Test method for complete garments - Prediction of burn injury using an instrumented manikin

ASTM F 1930 - Evaluation of flame resistant clothing for protection against flash fire simulations using an instrumented manikin

CAN/CGSB-4.2, No. 27.10 - Flame resistance - vertically oriented textile fabric or fabric assembly test (surface or edge ignition)

CAN/CGSB-4.2, No. 27.4/ISO 6940 Textile fabrics – Burning Behaviour – Determination of ease of ignition of vertically oriented specimens

CAN/CGSB-4.2, No. 27.5 - Flame Resistance: 45° Angle Test – One second flame impingement

ASTM D 6413 - Standard test method for flame resistance of textiles (Vertical Test)

ISO 4589 - Plastics - Determination of burning behavior by oxygen index. Part 2: ambient-temperature test

ASTM D 2863 – Standard test method for measuring the minimum Oxygen concentration to support candle-like combustion of plastics (Oxygen Index)

CAN/CGSB - 4.2, No. 78.1- Thermal protective performance of materials for clothing (TPP)

ASTM D 4108 - Thermal protective performance of materials by open-flame method (TPP)

ISO 9151 - Protective clothing against heat and flame – Determination of heat transmission on exposure to flame

ISO 3146 – Plastics - Determination of melting behavior of semi-crystalline polymers. Method B: polarizing microscope

ASTM F 1060 - Standard test method for thermal protective performance of materials for protective clothing for hot surface contact

ASTM F 1939 - Standard test method for radiant heat resistance of flame resistant clothing materials with continuous heating

CAN/CGSB-155.1 – Firefighters’ protective clothing for protection against heat and flame

CAN/CGSB-155.20 – Workwear for protection against hydrocarbon flash fire

CAN/CGSB-155.22 – Fireline workwear for wildland firefighters 

ASTM F 2733 - Standard specification for flame resistant rainwear for protection against flame hazards

NFPA 2112 – Standard on flame-resistant garments for protection of industrial personnel against flash fire

NFPA 1977 – Standard on protective clothing and equipment for wildland fire fighting

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